The Laboratory

Growth of nanotechnology in the Indian Science and Technology sector

Growth of nanotechnology in the Indian Science and Technology sector

In the 21st century, our perspective on wee-sized objects completely changed with the introduction to nanotechnology. Nanotechnology covers a wide variety of technologies that operate at the nanoscale (10-9 m).
Simply, manipulating materials at the atomic or molecular level. Nanotechnology can be applied in a myriad of fields from nanocoatings in automobiles, nanochips instead of solar panels, water purification technology, agricultural technology, to delivering drugs in our body. With this field gaining an exponential interest, the government of India had launched the Nanoscience and Technology Initiative, a five-year plan in 2002, allocating Rs. 60 crores for research in this field. In 2007, the programme was upgraded to Nano Mission with an allocation of Rs.1000 crores for another period of five years. Further, this programme has been extended till 2017 as Phase II.
Subsequently, in the past five years, India has published 23,000 papers in this emerging field. Moreover, in 2013, India ranked third in the number of papers published worldwide and 300 patent applications (ten times that in 2006). The vision of the Ministry of Human Resource Development is to award 10,000 PhD degrees in nanotechnology, annually.
BioLim Centre of Science and Technology (BCST) is one such research institute in the southern part of India, striving at achieving new frontier research and products in nanotechnology. Our research focus initially started with the novel techniques for the synthesis of nanoparticles and now has expanded to include nanosensors, nano coating formulations, nanopurifier systems, nanovesicles and nanogels for drug delivery, and green nanotechnology. The emphasis is on green chemistry and ethnomaterials for the development of green nanoproducts and nanoremediation in order to improve the quality of waste management, disaster/calamity management and hence in turn, improving our environment.
With determination in nanotechnology-related research productivity, BCST is moving strongly towards 2020. BCST is also looking for academic and industrial collaborations for boosting the achievements in a united way.

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